5 Hurricane Categories
There are different types of hurricane categories. It can’t predict everything about a storm, but categories do give an indication of how a hurricane will affect people and property in its path. Here are the different types of categories:
Category 1 hurricane
In a Category 1 hurricane, winds range from 74 to 95 mph. It is very dangerous winds that will produce some damages. Such as falling debris that could strike people, livestock and pets, and older mobile homes. Protected glass windows will generally make it through the hurricane without major damage. Frame homes, apartments and shopping centers may experience some damage, and snapped power lines could result in short-term power outages.
Category 2 hurricane
In a Category 2 hurricane, winds range between 96 and 110 mph. It is extremely dangerous winds that will cause extensive damage. There is a bigger risk of injury or death to people, livestock and pets from flying debris. Older mobile homes will likely be destroyed. Frame homes, apartment buildings and shopping centers may see major roof and siding damage, and many trees will be uprooted. Residents should expect near total power loss after a Category 2 hurricane, with outages lasting anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
Category 3 hurricane
In a Category 3 hurricane, winds range from 111 to 129 mph. Devastating damages will occur in a category 3. There is a high risk of injury or death to people, livestock, and pets from flying and falling debris. Nearly all older mobile homes will be destroyed, and most new ones will experience significant damage. Even well-built frame homes, apartments and industrial buildings will likely experience major damage, and the storm will uproot many trees that may block roads. Electricity and water will likely be unavailable for several days to a few weeks after the storm.
Category 4 hurricane
In a Category 4 hurricane, winds range from 130 to 156 mph. Catastrophic damages will occur during a Category 4. At these speeds, falling and flying debris poses a very high risk of injury or death to people, pets and livestock. Again, most mobile homes will be destroyed, even newer ones. Some frame homes may totally collapse, while well-built homes will likely see severe damage to their roofs, and apartment buildings can experience damage to upper floors.
A Category 4 hurricane will blow out most windows on high-rise buildings, uproot most trees and will likely down many power lines. Power outages can last for weeks or even months after storms of this level. Water shortages are also common in the aftermath of Category 4 hurricanes, potentially making the affected area uninhabitable for weeks or months.
Category 5 hurricane
In a Category 5 hurricane, winds are 157 mph or higher. Category 5 hurricanes cause absolute devastation. Most buildings in its path are damaged or destroyed; trees are blown over, signs are destroyed, and power lines are knocked over.
A Category 5 hurricane is likely to uproot most trees and ruin most power poles. And like with Category 4 hurricanes, power outages will likely last for weeks to months. People should expect long-term water shortages